|Human Trafficking||Smuggling of Migrants|
Contact is established through abuse, and/or deception, and/or coercion. The victim is cheated or forced. In other words, there is no consent.
|The migrant establishes direct and voluntary contact with the human smuggler, which means there is consent.
Always implies the illegal crossing of one or more borders.
Money is an intrinsic factor in the transfer.
False documents are used.
The relationship between the human smuggler and the migrant victim generally ends upon arrival at the destination.
During the transfer the victim encounters
serious health and safety risks.
Goes against migratory order.
|Crime against people||Crime against the state|