Differences between human trafficking and smuggling of migrants

Human Trafficking Smuggling of Migrants

Contact is established through abuse, and/or deception, and/or coercion. The victim is cheated or forced. In other words, there is no consent.

Can take place within or outside a country, border crossing is not necessary.

The trip fare required for the transfer is not an important factor, rather the effect it has of subjecting the victim to economic debt which forces him/her to be exploited.

The relationship between the human trafficker and the victim is much more prolonged, and exploitation either continues or begins upon the arrival at the destination.

Those most vulnerable to human trafficking are women, young children, and on a smaller scale men.

During the transfer the victim encounters serious health
and safety risks, but the physical and psychological impact is more prolonged.

Goes against human dignity and human rights.

The migrant establishes direct and voluntary contact with the human smuggler, which means there is consent.

Always implies the illegal crossing of one or more borders.

Money is an intrinsic factor in the transfer.
False documents are used.

The relationship between the human smuggler and the migrant victim generally ends upon arrival at the destination.

During the transfer the victim encounters
serious health and safety risks.

Goes against migratory order.
Crime against people Crime against the state

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