The history of a Registry, the registry of a history. A longitudinal vision of the experience.
The publication aims to help raise awareness about the crime of human trafficking and promote prevention and dialogue. Through the presentation of eight cases treated at the Center for Legal and Psychological Care, CHS Alternativo looks at the mechanisms of human trafficking in our country, showing that elements repeat, and that only changes are the modes of capturing victims, deceiving them and exploiting them.
This publication is the first attempt to show, through 14 court cases in Lima and Loreto, how the prosecution of this crime has developed in Peru. In order to better understand the cases the publication describes, in an organized and succinct fashion, the various types of criminal procedures and processes that coexist in the country at a time when the justice sector is about to implement a new national criminal procedural code. The case analysis presented gives us a clear picture of how this crime operates and how justice is administered. Special emphasis is placed on the good and bad practices and how victims are considered or not as subjects of rights.
The idea of this publication to learn more about possible peruvian cases of human trafficking in Europe, with emphasis on potential factors that could have favored the development of this crime. This is to explain why some groups of people are more vulnerable than others. To expand research information it was considered citizens throughout the Andean Community (Ecuador, Colombia and Bolivia) and to determine the conditions of irregular migration of these citizens in the European Union (EU), particularly Spain and Italy, the two countries concentrating over 70% of Peruvian migrants. This publication is expected to establish the basis for further research from the EU that can identify and interview the victims and/or environment to learn more aspects of the situation.
The main objective of this publication is to disseminate the problem of human trafficking, revealing explicitly the concepts and terms related to this crime. International and nacional arguments as the Universal Declarations of Human Rights (1948) or the Law 28950 (Law Against Human Trafficking and Smuggling of Migrants) edited by 2007, are part of the set of legal instruments and agreements cited in the document, so situate the reader in the prevention and abolition of various forms of notice, discrimination and violation of human rights such as slavery, forced labor, sale of children, etc. The idea is to provide concrete examples and data real understanding of this organized crime in relation to social reality in which it develops.
Despite the efforts of the state, many public officials still do not know their obligations as stipulated by the Law 28950: Against Human Trafficking and Smuggling and the law’s Regulation. As a result, many victims are discouraged from going to the courts, in part by the poor protection offered to them. CHS Alternativo, in collaboration with the International Bureau of Children's Rights (IBCR) and with the support of the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada (DFAIT) developed this manual, a methodological tool that aims to contribute to raising awareness among public defenders that have a duty to provide free legal assistance to victims of trafficking. Given this, the manual provides a variety of theoretical and legal knowledge on human trafficking and presents the main developments in the topic at three levels: internationally, regionally and nationally; furthermore, it also provides practical applications to get a closer understanding of the victims’ situations, aiming to empower them, especially children and adolescents.
The study provides an analysis of different actors responses within the public and private sphere about their perception of the human trafficking issue in their regions including the principal types of criminal purposes that they should focus on, how they perceive the State's performance and what actions should be taken to combat crime, among other approaches. The data was collated with the statistics from the RETA-PNP system and information obtained from monitoring media sources, contrasting these different data sources to give the public and officials access to trustworthy information, helping to expand the knowledge that we have on this crime in our country. The findings of the study notes a growing interest of the respondents to the national character of human trafficking and concern for the apparent under-reporting in official statistics.
In 2006, CHS Alternativo launched the Reference Center-Iquitos, dedicated to the care of the population vulnerable to and from high risk areas of sexual and labor exploitation. The aim was to prevent exploitation and rescue children and adolescents from it, as well as provide them with access to educational opportunities of improved quality. The initiative also aims to make the aforementioned problems visible within a context of a lacking political institutionalization of the prevention and confrontation of the problem. In this sense, the publication contains the testimony of two children attending the Reference Center. Starting from the conceptual definition of the commercial sexual exploitation of children and adolescents, the description of social aspects of the city of Iquitos and the testimony of two victims, CHS Alternativo aims to highlight aspects that form part of the demand (User-Client) and the supply (exploited minor) in the city. In addition, the information collected has allowed the development of a psychological profile focused on the victim, which allows the reader to partially understand, the way in which children live through this experience.
The Citizen Watch Group is a mechanism of social participation through which civil society organizations monitor the fulfillment of obligations, commitments, responsibilities and functions of public entities. The overall objective of the action consists in monitoring the States actions with respect to their obligations under national regulations. The publication captures the monitoring work of the Watch Group and provides to the civil society and authorities a concrete vision about the work completed by the various institutions responsible for the implementation of public policies. Also this effort has allowed the creation of metrics to measure the evolution of the State response in combating trafficking. In this way it provides an analysis of the processes and the main trends observed of each institution in relation to the implementation of their sector’s responsibilities in the matter.
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